With the urban infrastructure of our major metropolitan cities bursting at the seams from increasing urban migratory patterns, the development of new integrated cities has become the need of the hour.
Sustainable and inclusive urban development is of particular importance at this juncture of our economic growth. With the urban infrastructure of our major metropolitan cities bursting at the seams from increasing urban migratory patterns which is only set to accelerate in the years to come, the development of new integrated cities has become the need of the hour. Such planned design and development of new urban landscapes should not only address present needs but should be capable of foreseeing and accommodating future requirements as well.
Development Challenge: Lack of long-term vision:
The main challenge facing such development initiatives is the lack of any long-term vision in new town development and urban infrastructure planning in the country . What is missing is a clearly defined `new city policy' or `future city policy' from the government, together with an umbrella organisation for the same. Consequently , organisations, like the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC) and town planning agencies like the City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra Limited (CIDCO) work independently , without any overall coherence or long-term master plan vision for the country , to weave in all their large, regional-level development projects together.
Even the state-level policies often fall short, and fail to keep up with a larger national vision. An instance of this would be the difficulties and/or difference in the planning and implementation approach faced by large regional infrastructure development bodies for nodal projects across different states. It has been observed that at present, the small scale projects, even private initiatives, work successfully to a certain extent a case in point being Magarpatta Cyber City in Pune. Problems begin however, when such projects are scaled up to larger city-level or regional level ventures, at which point, the projects fall through because of the lack of larger mapping efforts to drive such development planning attempts forward.
Way forward for new integrated cities:
The Town Planning Scheme (TPS) also known as the Land Pooling Scheme (LPS), has been a workable approach for the planning and development of new towns. It is also included in the Urban Development Plan Formulation and Implementation (UDPFI) guidelines of the ministry of urban development.The state as well as private/semiprivate development firms have considered such development policies for preparing comprehensive regional plans particularly for addressing problems arising out of disconnected development along suburban peripheral zones of metropolitan centers, industrial corridors and large township development.
The Larger Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) concepts have metamorphosed, over the years too. A case in point would be CIDCO's ongoing development of Navi Mumbai, as an example of a functional new city with ongoing transit-oriented infrastructure development. Other recent instances of the TOD planning for new cities or smart city development would be the state government of Chhattisgarh's master planning initiative for Naya Raipur. Keeping abreast of rapidly changing technology in this arena could help in creating Integrated Multi-Modal Transport systems, as well as in creating dynamic planning efforts with periodic fast-track review and implementation mechanisms.
For a successful new city development, the creation of social and physical infrastructure is of equal importance. By way of a recent example, till such infrastructure additions, like schools, malls, hospitals and expressways, had been put in place, Greater Noida was just an area dominated by real estate development, waiting to become operational and attract a share of the National Capital Region's population. However, what is to ensure that independent, even private initiatives cooperate with each other in building new integrated cities in India? The problems created by rampant urbanization are among the most important challenges of our times. This way, India's construction and real estate business is uniquely positioned to shape sustainable and economically competitive cities of the future.
The main challenge facing such development initiatives is the lack of any long-term vision in new town development and urban infrastructure planning in the country. What is missing is a clearly defined `new city policy' or `future city policy' from the government, together with an umbrella organization for the same.
The larger Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) concepts have metamorphosed, over the years too. A case in point would be CIDCO's ongoing development of Navi Mumbai, as an example of a functional new city with ongoing transit oriented infrastructure development.